SEVILLE ORANGE MARMALADE The streets of the Spanish city of Seville near the Mediterranean are lined with orange trees, the branches glowing with tart golden fruit, perfect for marmalade. Their season is late winter, and one year Leo and Grandma spent a whole afternoon thinly slicing the fruit while looking out over the snow-covered landscape

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TANTE MARIE’S PANETTONE BREAD PUDDING WITH MARMALADE SAUCE Panettone is a brioche bread studded with dried fruit served at Christmas and New Year that you’ll find all over Italy during the holidays.  This simple pudding recipe comes from our dear friend , Mary Risley, creator of Tante Marie’s Cooking School in San Francisco. Mary loves

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FRESH FRUIT MINCE PIES Fresh apples and grapes add a refreshing crunch to the traditional mincemeat mix of dried fruits. Grandma assembles most of the mincemeat a month or two ahead so it can mellow alongside the Christmas cake, adding the fresh fruit just before baking. She usually serves the pies hot for lunch or

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Cooking with Grandma Chronicles Part 7


Grandma loves Yule bread for breakfast, toasted or plain and spread with butter, though in its native Yorkshire it is served for afternoon tea. This is another recipe traditionally kneaded by hand as a warm touch helps the yeast rise!

  • This large loaf serves 8
  • 1½ cups/375 ml water
  • 2/3 cup/90 g raisins
  • 2/3 cup/90 g dried currants
  • 2 teaspoons/10 g dry yeast
  • 4 cups/500 g flour, more if needed
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon ground cloves
  • 2/3 cup/140 g sugar
  • 2 eggs, at room temperature
  • ½ cup/110 g butter, at room temperature
  • 1/3 cup/45 g chopped candied orange peel
  • 1 tablespoon sugar dissolved in 2 tablespoons warm milk (for glaze)

9x5x4-inch/23x13x10-cm loaf pan

1. To mix the dough: Bring water to a boil, pour half over the raisins and currants and leave to soak. Let the remaining water cool to tepid. Crumble or sprinkle the yeast over the tepid water and leave 5 minutes or until dissolved; stir with a teaspoon until smooth. Sift the flour into a bowl with salt, cinnamon and cloves and stir in the sugar. Make a well in the centre and add the dissolved yeast, plus the water drained from the fruits. Add the eggs and mix with your hand to gradually draw in the flour to form a dough (the warmth of your hand helps the yeast to rise). If needed, add more flour to form a smooth dough that is soft but not sticky.

2. Turn the dough onto a floured work surface and knead it, turning and pushing away with your fist, until it is smooth and elastic, 3-5 minutes. Alternatively use an electric mixer fitted with the dough hook to mix and knead the dough. Transfer the dough to an oiled bowl, flipping it so the top is oiled. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and leave in a warm place to rise until doubled in bulk, 1½-2 hours.

3. To finish and shape the loaf: Flatten the dough on a floured work surface, spread it with the creamed butter and knead again with your hand until the butter is incorporated, 3-5 minutes. Flatten the dough again, sprinkle it with the soaked fruit and candied peel and knead just until the fruit is evenly distributed, 2-3 minutes. The mixing of the butter and fruits can also be done in an electric mixer.

4. To shape the loaf: Butter the loaf pan. Using your fist, pat the dough on a floured work surface to a 9-inch/23-cm square. Roll the dough into a cylinder, pinch the edge to seal and then drop it carefully into the loaf pan, seam side down. Cover loosely and leave the dough to rise in a warm place until the pan is full, 1½-2 hours.

5. Heat the oven to 200˚C/400˚F. Brush the loaf with glaze and bake for 20 minutes. Brush again, lower the heat to 350˚F/180˚C and continue baking until the loaf sounds hollow when unmoulded and tapped on the bottom, 30-40 minutes longer. Transfer it to a rack to cool. Yule Bread can be wrapped in plastic wrap and stored in an air-tight container for up to 1 month so the flavour matures. It can also be frozen.

Cooking with Grandma Chronicles Part 6


Like the Christmas Cake, Christmas Pudding is a once-a-year family event, an English classic. Grandma often makes both at the same time because they have similar ingredients, full of raisins, currants and candied fruits, backed up by mellow spices like cinnamon and allspice. The Pudding is held together with breadcrumbs and steamed for hours in a sloping-sided pottery bowl, then stored in a cool place to mellow for at least a month, often several months, along with the Christmas Cake. For serving, the Pudding is steamed again to serve very hot, with a bold flambé of Cognac, lit by Grandma and carried from the kitchen flickering with flame. Competition to be the carrier is fierce. Hard sauce laced with more Cognac is the final touch, or vanilla ice cream for the children.

Serves 12-15

  • 1 lb/450 g sliced white loaf of bread
  • 2 cups/10 oz golden raisins
  • 2 cups/10 oz currants
  • 1 ½ cups/7 oz raisins
  • 1 ½ cups/7 oz mixed chopped candied peel
  • 1 cup/200 g slivered almonds
  • 2 cups/250 g flour
  • 10 oz/300 g ground beef suet
  • 2 teaspoons grated nutmeg
  • 1 teaspoon ground allspice
  • 1 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 2 cups/400 g dark brown sugar
  • 6 eggs
  • ½ cup/125 ml milk
  • 3-4 tablespoons Cognac
  • For the Hard Sauce
  • 1 cup/250 g butter
  • 1 cup/200 g sugar
  • ¾ cup/175 ml Cognac, more for flambéing
  • Sprig of holly (for decoration)

3 qt/3 liter ceramic pudding bowl; cheesecloth

1. To make fresh white breadcrumbs from a loaf: discard end slices and leave the remaining slices out to dry overnight. The next day, cut the bread in large cubes, spread the cubes on an oven tray and freeze until hard, 1-2 hours. Pulse the frozen cubes to crumbs in a food processor, working in several batches

2. Butter the pudding bowl and line with double thicknesses of cheesecloth, allowing a generous drape over the sides. Set up a large deep saucepan with a steamer attachment or 3 ramekins in the base to support the pudding bowl. Add 2-3 inches/8-10 cm water, cover and bring to a boil.

3. For the pudding: In a very large bowl mix the golden raisins, currants, raisins, candied peel and almonds. Add 3-4 tablespoons of the flour and toss with your fingers so the fruits and peel are coated. Stir in the suet. In another large bowl mix the remaining flour, nutmeg, allspice, ginger, sugar and breadcrumbs. Stir in the fruit mixture and make a well in the center. Whisk the eggs until frothy and pour into the well with the milk and Cognac. Stir the pudding ingredients with your hand or a large spoon, gradually drawing in the fruits and flour to make sticky crumbs. Pour the mixture into the lined bowl, pressing it down with your hands to exclude any air bubbles.

4. Cover the bowl with a generous double layer of cheesecloth, pleating it in the middle to allow for expansion, and letting it fall to the counter on each side. Tie a string under the rim of the bowl to secure the cheesecloth and knot the trailing ends on top so you can lift the bowl easily. Set the bowl in the steam and cover the pan. Steam the pudding over medium heat, adding water as necessary to keep the steam going, for 6-7 hours. The pudding should be somewhat risen, and a metal skewer inserted in the center should be hot to the touch when withdrawn.

5. Let the pudding cool to room temperature, then wrap tightly (leaving the cheesecloth wrapping) and store in a cool dry place (not the refrigerator) for at least a month, and up to a year. The flavor will mellow with storage.

6. To finish: set up the same steamer arrangement and steam the pudding for 2 hours more until it has again risen slightly and is very hot in the center. Meanwhile make the hard sauce: cream the butter, add the sugar and beat until soft and the color lightens, 3-5 minutes in an electric mixer. Gradually beat in about half the Cognac, reserving the rest for flambéing. Pile the sauce in spoonful’s in a bowl for serving and serve chilled.

7. Lift the pudding out of the bowl, unwrap the steaming hot pudding and set it upside down on a sturdy platter. Decorate it with a sprig of holly and keep it warm. Just before serving, heat the remaining Cognac, set the hot pudding alight and carry to the table at once — it will continue to flame. Serve the hard sauce separately.

Cooking with Grandma Chronicles Part 5


For more than 50 years, every year since Grandma was married, she has made a Christmas Cake, baking it at least a year ahead. Traditionally the cake batter is beaten by hand, and everyone in the house, even Grandpa, would stir once or twice to bring luck to the coming year. As the seasons go by, she and the grandchildren baste the cake with sherry and Cognac so the dried fruits mellow and the cake gets dark and rich. The recipe is simple but somehow each year the cake is slightly different, lighter or darker, risen taller or not, just like the events to come until the next Christmas season. 

Makes a 10 inch/25 cm cake to serve 12-16

  • 3 cups/330 g flour
  • 3 cups/450 g raisins
  • 3 cups/550 g dried currants
  • ½ cup/125 g chopped, candied orange peel
  • ½ cup/125 g chopped, candied citron peel
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • ½ teaspoon grated nutmeg
  • ½ teaspoon ground allspice
  • ¾ cup/330 g butter
  • 1 ½ cups/330 g sugar
  • 6 eggs, at room temperature
  • ½ cup/75g slivered almonds
  • 3 tablespoons Cognac
  • 6-8 tablespoons sweet sherry or Madeira (for basting)
  • 10-inch/25-cm cake pan with removable base: cheesecloth

1. Heat the oven to 150˚C/300˚F and set the shelf low down. Butter the pan, line the base and sides with a double layer of parchment paper and butter the paper. Mix a few teaspoons of flour with the raisins, currants and candied peel in a bowl and toss until the fruits are well coated so they do not cling together when mixed with batter. Sift the remaining flour with the salt, nutmeg and allspice.

2. Cream the butter by hand or with an electric mixer fitted with a whisk attachment. Beat in the sugar and continue beating until soft and light, 4-5 minutes. Add the eggs one by one, beating thoroughly after each addition. Using your hand or a metal spoon, stir in the flour in two or three batches, then stir in the dried fruit and almonds. Finally, stir in the Cognac.

3. Spoon the batter into the prepared pan. Tap the pan on the counter top to knock out any air bubbles. Smooth the top, leaving the center slightly hollow so the cake rises to be flat rather than peaked after baking. Bake in the oven, rotating the pan once or twice, until the cake is browned and starts to pull from the sides of the pan, 1¾ -2¼ hours. A metal skewer inserted in the center should come out clean, not sticky. If the cake browns too much during cooking, cover the top loosely with foil.

4. Leave the cake to cool in the pan. then unmold it after an hour or two and peel off the paper. Baste the top with 2-3 tablespoons of sherry, wrap the cake in cheesecloth soaked in sherry and store in an airtight container for at least a month, and up to a year if you can, the longer the better. Baste the cake with sherry, Port wine, or Cognac from time to time and the flavor will immeasurably improve.

Cooking with Grandma Chronicles Part 4


Grandma often cooks with Lucy, and they’ve been making this cake for years thanks to Bruno, an amazing neighbor of Uncle Simon in France. Bruno is legally blind but he works faster in the kitchen than most professionals. This recipe of his is wonderfully rich and takes only 15 minutes to bake.  

Serves 8-10

  • Butter for the pan
  • 18 ½ oz/550 g dark chocolate, chopped
  • 6 eggs
  • 1 cup/125 g confectioners’ sugar
  • 1 cup/125 g flour

9-inch/22-cm cake pan

1. Heat the oven to 180˚C/350˚F and set a shelf in the center. Butter the cake pan, line with parchment paper and butter the paper. To melt the chocolate, spread it on a heatproof pie plate and set it over a pan of steaming but not boiling water. Heat until the chocolate is melted, 7-10 minutes, then stir it until smooth. Leave it to cool to cool 5 minutes or until tepid.

2. For the cake: In a mixer fitted with the whisk attachment, beat the eggs until frothy. Sift in the confectioners’ sugar and whisk until the mixture lightens and thickens slightly, 3-5 minutes. With a metal spoon, stir in the flour, followed by the melted chocolate, the batter will thicken slightly.

3. Pour the batter into the cake pan and bake until a crust forms on top, 14-15 minutes. Do not be surprised by the short baking time, it is correct, the cake will be firm on the outside and soft in the center when cool. Take the cake from the oven and leave it at least an hour before you slide it out of the pan for serving. Loosely wrapped, the cake can be kept at room temperature for up to a day, but if stored for too long it will lose its attractive soft center.

4. (Optional) To decorate: cut identical pieces of parchment paper, and lay them on the cake equally spaced – if they are not laying flat, just moisten with a damp cloth. Starting with coco powder heavily dust covering the cake. Gently remove the parchment paper and discard. Then turn the cake by 45 degrees and repeat the same process with confectioners’ sugar. This will then leave the cake with an attractive lattice design.

Cooking with Grandma Chronicles Part 3


Grandma likes to use a wok for this quick ratatouille, a family dish for summer when eggplant, peppers, zucchini and tomatoes are at their best down at the Mas in Languedoc. The wide cooking surface of a wok spreads the vegetables so they cook more quickly and are easy to toss in the pan, but a regular frying pan can be used instead. We serve ratatouille hot or at Mediterranean room temperature as an accompaniment to grilled sausages, fish or chicken, or on its own on toast for supper. A medium can of chopped plum tomatoes can be substituted for the fresh ones.

Serves 4 as a main dish or 6 as a side

  • 3-4 tablespoons olive oil
  • 1 onion, thinly sliced
  • 3 garlic cloves, chopped
  • 1 tablespoon chopped fresh thyme
  • 1 tablespoon ground coriander
  • 1 medium eggplant (about ½ lb/225 g), cut in 3/4-inch/2-cm chunks
  • Salt and pepper
  • 1 red pepper, halved, seeded and sliced
  • 1 green pepper, halved, seeded and sliced
  • 1 lb/450 g plum tomatoes, cored, seeded and coarsely chopped
  • 3 small zucchini (about 1/2 lb/225 g), halved and sliced
  • Small bunch of basil

1. Heat half the oil in the wok and fry the onion over a medium heat until limp, 3-5 minutes. Stir in the garlic, thyme and coriander with the eggplant, salt, pepper and remaining oil and continue frying 2 minutes stirring constantly. Stir in the red and green peppers. Continue frying, stirring often, until the peppers start to wilt, 2-3 minutes.

2. Stir in the tomatoes and continue cooking, continuing to stir, until the tomatoes are soft but not mushy, 5 minutes or more depending on their ripeness. Finally stir in the zucchini, taste, and adjust the seasoning.  Cover the wok and cook over a medium heat for a further 8-10 minutes until all the vegetables are softened, but still holding their shape. Meanwhile, strip the basil leaves from the stems and coarsely shred them.

3. When the vegetables are softened, stir in the basil, taste, and adjust the seasoning. Serve the ratatouille hot or leave it to stand for at least 30 minutes to cool to room temperature, taste again before serving.

Cooking with Grandma Chronicles Part 2


Grandma came across this ultra-simple raspberry almond torte, during a visit to South Africa and has loved it ever since. This recipe is loved by all, especially Leo who adores raspberries! If you don’t have raspberries try sweet or tart fresh cherries instead, but they will need to be pitted.

  • Almond torte serves 6
  • 2 cups/250 g raspberries
  • 1 cup/125 g flour
  • 1½ teaspoons baking powder
  • ½ teaspoon salt
  • 2/3 cup/140 g butter
  • ¾ cup/150 g sugar
  • 1 egg
  • 1¼ cups/150 g ground almonds
  • Confectioners’ sugar for sprinkling
  • 8-inch/20-cm springform pan

1. Butter the cake pan, line the base with wax or parchment paper, and then butter and flour it. Wash the raspberries, dry them on paper towels. Sift together the flour, baking powder, and salt. Heat the oven to 350˚F/175˚C and set a shelf in the center.

2. Cream the butter until smooth in an electric mixer. Add the sugar and continue to beat until soft and light, 2-3 minutes. Beat in the egg until well mixed, about 1 minute. Using a large metal spoon, stir in the ground almonds, followed by the flour mixture. (Expect the batter to be quite stiff.)

3. Spread half the batter in the cake pan. Sprinkle the fruit on top and dot with the remaining batter so the fruit is almost covered. Bake until the torte starts to shrink from the sides of the pan and the top is firm when lightly pressed with a fingertip, 45-55 minutes. The top will be rustic looking, like a crumble.

4. Let the torte cool for 10-15 minutes, in the pan, then loosen the sides and slide the torte onto a rack to cool completely. Sprinkle it with confectioners’ sugar and serve it warm or at room temperature.             

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